Biomass-based Electromagnetic Wave Absorption Materials with Unique Structures: A Critical Review

Jiang Guo1,Email

Shaohua Xi1

Yingxin Zhang2

Xu Li1

Zhuoran Chen1

Jiajing Xie1

Xinyi Zhao1

Zongbang Liu1

Henry Colorado3

Handong Li4

Zeinhom M. El-Bahy5

Waras Abdul1

Jianfeng Zhu1,Email

1School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Green Preparation and Functionalization for Inorganic Materials, Shaanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710021, China.
2Gas Production Plant 3 of Petrochina Changqing Oilfield Company, Xi'an Archives Center, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710000, China.
3CCComposites Laboratory, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Calle 70N°. 52-21, Medellín, Colombia.
4School of Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom.
5Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

Electromagnetic functional materials play an increasingly important role in solving electromagnetic wave pollution in both modern military and civil fields. Biomass carbon material is one of the promising candidates for EM wave shielding and absorption owing to their simple preparation process, environmentally friendly raw materials and strong sustainability. The unique biomass structure can effectively improve the attenuation and conversion of electromagnetic energy. Herein, the research progress of biomass-based carbon materials with different structures for high-performance electromagnetic wave absorption (EWA) is reviewed. According to the regularity of the structure of biomass carbon materials, the proposed biomass carbon materials with high electromagnetic wave absorption properties are described and classified. This review work could provide guidance for the design and preparation of new carbon-based absorbing materials in the future.

Biomass-based Electromagnetic Wave Absorption Materials with Unique Structures: A Critical Review