Health Impact of Ground Water Sample and its Effect on Flora of Kanker District, Chhattisgarh, India

Priyanka Gupta1,Email

Supriya Biswas1

Amit Kumar Chaturwedi2

Uma Janghel1

Gaurav Tamrakar3

Rashmi Verma2

Milan Hait2,Email

1Department of Applied Chemistry, Shri Shankaracharya Technical Campus, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh- 490020, India
2Department of Chemistry, Dr. C. V. Raman University, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh-495113, India
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalinga University, Naya Raipur, Chhattisgarh- 492101, India

Abstract

This study examined the contamination levels of Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr, Cu, and As in ten samples of water and vegetables (Brinjal and Tomatoes) from different sites in Kanker district, Chhattisgarh, India, as well as the health risks of eating these crops and drinking the ground water. Cr, Pb, and Ni averaged 0.745, 1.26, and 0.665 mg/L, respectively, and As, Cu, and Cd were not found in any samples. According to assessments of heavy metal occurrence and concentrations in the research region, Pb > Cr > Ni. Each region had ion translocation quantities within the permissible levels (<1) for Tomatoes and Brinjal. Pd>Cr>Ni was adults' total Ni, Cr, and Pb concentrations in chronic daily intake (CDI). Chronic daily water intake in adults was determined as follows: CDIing> CDIderm. Complete dermal sorption and ingestion exposure showed that nickel, chromium, and lead had tolerable carcinogenic risks. For non-carcinogenic risk to individuals through all routes of exposure to water, the overall Hazard Quotient and Hazard Index values were less than 1, indicating that there was a non-carcinogenic risk to individuals. This study can be used by residents as well as government officials to protect non-rural water resources against heavy metal toxicity.

Health Impact of Ground Water Sample and its Effect on Flora of Kanker District, Chhattisgarh, India