Influence of Nonglide Stress on the Structure and Mobility of Pyramidal-I and -II ⟨c + a⟩ Edge Dislocations in Magnesium

Sunday Temitope OYINBO1,4,#

Ryosuke MATSUMOTO2,#,Email

Daisuke MATSUNAKA3,#

Tien-Chien JEN4,#

1Nagamori Institute of Actuators, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University of Advanced Science, 18, Yamanouchi-Gotandacho, Ukyo-ward, Kyoto 615-8577 Japan
2Department of Mechanical and Electrical Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University of Advanced Science, 18, Yamanouchi-Gotandacho, Ukyo-word, Kyoto 615-8577 Japan
3Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Shinshu University, 4-17-1 Wakasato, Nagano 380-8553 Japan
4Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, 2006, South Africa
#These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Herein, molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate the structure and slip behavior of ⟨c + a⟩ edge dislocations on the pyramidal-I (Pyr-I) plane in magnesium (Mg), which were compared to those on the pyramidal-II (Pyr-II) plane. ⟨c + a⟩ dislocations on pyramidal planes are metastable and transition into sessile, typically sessile 〈c〉 and glissile 〈a〉 basal dislocations (basal-dissociated ⟨c⟩ + basal ⟨a⟩), or a dissociated ⟨c + a⟩ dislocation along the basal plane (basal-dissociated ⟨c+a⟩ and its derivative structure). This transition occurs at temperatures of >100 and >400 K for Pyr-I and -II ⟨c + a⟩ edge dislocations, respectively, in the absence of shear deformation along the slip direction, except under large non-glide stresses. The critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) of the slip plane where Pyr-I ⟨c+a⟩  edge dislocations glide at 10 K increases with increasing compressive or tensile strains normal to the slip plane and exhibits a minimum value of ~486 MPa. Similarly, the CRSS for Pyr-II ⟨c+a⟩  edge dislocations decreases with increasing compressive strains normal to the slip plane and exhibits a maximum value of ~149 MPa at 10 K. Our findings provide insights into the design of ductile Mg alloys.

Influence of Nonglide Stress on the Structure and Mobility of Pyramidal-I and -II ⟨c + a⟩ Edge Dislocations in Magnesium