Evaluation and Analysis of the Architectural Environment of Traditional Folk Houses in Tibetan plateau, China

Luxi Lu1,2

Tianke Zhang3

Xiaoliang Wang1,4

Yu Han1,4

Deepak Sridhar5

Handong Li6

Ben Bin Xu7

Kuzin Victor Fedorovich8

Xianmin Mai1,Email

1School of Architecture, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China
2School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shenzhen University, 518060, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
3Administrative Committee of Eastern New District of Baise, Baise, 533000, Guangxi, China 
4China-Portugal Joint Laboratory of Cultural Heritage Conservation Science supported by the Belt and Road Initiative, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China
5Zentek Ltd. 24 Corporate Crt, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 5G5, Canada
6Mechanical and Construction Engineering, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK
7Mechanical and Construction Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK
8Section of Geology, Mining and Processing of Minerals, Russian Academy of Engineering, Moscow 125009, Russia

Abstract

The climate adaptation strategies employed by traditional folk houses provide a theoretical basis and experience for the development of sustainable architecture. This study aimed to perform a quantitative analysis of the traditional Muya folk houses in Tibetan plateau, China. To understand the indoor building environment characteristics, variation rules, and residents' thermal comfort in winter, a field investigation of traditional Muya folk houses was conducted, and its building environment was evaluated by measuring indoor and outdoor environmental parameters. To evaluate the building performance and environmental level of the whole year, this study also used softwares such as Ecotect, Grasshopper, Phoenics and TRNSYS to conduct numerical simulation on the model of Muya folk house. The results show that the Muya folk houses adapt to the local environment well, and the overall energy consumption of the traditional Muya folk houses was lower than that of the modern construction technology and materials. The research results provide theoretical support for the design of vernacular architecture and new rural houses in Tibetan plateau. 

Evaluation and Analysis of the Architectural Environment of Traditional Folk Houses in Tibetan plateau, China