Silver Nanowires: From Synthesis, Growth Mechanism, Device Fabrications to Prospective Engineered Applications

Longxia Yang1, #

Xianjun Huang2, #, Email

Huating Wu1, Email

Yuanlong Liang2

Mao Ye3

Wencong Liu2

Faling Li1

Tao Xu3, Email

Haicheng Wang1, Email

1State Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials for Smart Sensing, General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, Beijing 100088, and GRIMAT Engineering Institute Co. Ltd., Beijing 101402, P. R. China 
2School of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, 410073, P. R. China
3SEU-FEI Nano-Pico Center, Key Lab of MEMS of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, P. R. China
#These authors contributed to this work equally.

 

Abstract

Due to the excellent electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and the comprehensive performance on optoelectronics, flexible electronics and mechanics, silver nanowires (Ag NWs) have attracted many attentions and achieved diverse functions comparing other one-dimensional nanomaterials. Ag NWs based conductive films are considered as the most promising substitute for indium tin oxide (ITO) film, because they could be expected to solve the problem of scarcity of indium resources and the disadvantage of the unsuitability for bending. A variety of synthesis routes of Ag NWs have been studied, and some applications of Ag NWs based conductive films have been explored. Plenty of excellent progress had been achieved. However, it remains to find a preferable synthetic route for homogeneous Ag NWs with high yields and to explore the synthesis mechanism of Ag NWs in depth from the thermodynamics and kinetics processes. In this review, we provide a comprehensive summary on the recent progress of Ag NWs from synthesis, growth mechanism, device fabrications to prospective engineered applications.

Silver Nanowires: From Synthesis, Growth Mechanism, Device Fabrications to Prospective Engineered Applications