Recent Advances in Green Composites and Their Applications

Nithesh Naik1

B. Shivamurthy1,Email

B.H.S. Thimmappa2

Gautam Jaladi1,3

Kaustubh Samanth4

Nagaraj Shetty1 

1Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India.
2Department of Chemistry, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India.
3Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 326108, USA.
4Department Aerospace and Geodesy, Technische Universität München, München 80333, Germany.

 

Abstract

Conventional petroleum-based toxic and non-biodegradable composites in comparison with natural fiber composites and hybrid natural fiber composites find attraction in the automobile industry, manufacturing, aerospace, sporting goods, construction, and marine applications due to the lower ecological risks. Green composites have the challenge of replacing conventional materials like steel, wood, and non-biodegrading polymers. Specific material features of green composites for particular loading and load-bearing applications are reviewed including the properties and performances of various potential biopolymers and natural reinforcement elements. The applications of green composites in short lifespan products, sporting equipment, and the biomedical field are highlighted with detailed examples.

Recent Advances in Green Composites and Their Applications