A Critical Review on Design and Development of New Generation Energy Storage Devices

G.J. Navathe1,3

S.R. Prasad5

A.M. Mane1,4

S.H. Barge6

T.D. Dongale1

Viquar Shaikh7

M.M. Karanjkar3

S.B. Teli2,Email

P.S. Patil1

N.R.Prasad1,Email

1School of Nanoscience and Technology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416008 , India
2Department of Industrial Chemistry, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416008, India
3Department of Physics, Vivekanand College, Kolhapur-416008, India
4Maharaja Sayaji Rao Junior College, Rayat Education Society, Satara, India
5DKTE College Engineering, Ichalkaranji,- 416115India
6Amity Insititute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Panvel410206
7National Chemical Laboratory, Pune-411008, India

Abstract

A next-generation technology, the Supercapacitor, has emerged with the potential to enable significant advances in energy storage. Supercapacitors are governed by the same fundamental equations as conventional capacitors but utilize higher surface area electrodes and thinner dielectrics to achieve greater capacitances. The existing review addresses a brief overview of the history,  principles, and theory of operation of supercapacitors, along with various models, and significantly in current energy saving and storage. Here, a concise description of technologies and working principles of different materials utilized for supercapacitors has been provided. The main focus has been on materials like carbon-based nanomaterials, metal oxides, and conducting polymers. The performance of nanocomposites has been analyzed by parameters like energy, capacitance, power, cyclic performance, and rate capability. The use of supercapacitors in various applications is cited, and their advantages over alternative technologies are considered. Also, it comprises efficient techniques to minimize the multi-response problems such as the fabrication of supercapacitors and storage capacity size, etc. This review embedded the current progress achieved in innovative materials for supercapacitor electrodes. 

A Critical Review on Design and Development of New Generation Energy Storage Devices