DFT Studies on a Novel 1-Ethyl-4-phenyl-1,5-benzodiazepin-2-thione Molecule and Its Derivatives for Opto-nonlinear Applications

Mohd. Shkir1, Email

S. Omar2

M. Aslam Manthremmel1

M. A. Khan3

Ahmad Umar4, Email

1Advanced Functional Materials and Optoelectronics Laboratory (AFMOL), Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, Abha 61413, Saudi Arabia

2Departamento de Quimica Fisica Aplicada  C14, Facultad de Ciencias, E-28049 Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

3Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India

4Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Arts and Promising Centre for Sensors and Electronic Devices (PCSED), Najran University, Najran-11001, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Herein, we have studied new 1,5-benzodiazepin derivative named 1-Ethyl-4-phenyl-1,5-benzodiazepin-2-thione] (EPBZ) and designed its several derivatives using chlorine (Cl), fluorine (F), bromine (Br), OH, CH3, OCH3, NO2, NH3 groups and a comparative investigation has been presented. The geometries of EPBZ compound and its derivative were attained using Becke three-Lee–Yang–Parr (B3LYP) density functional theory (DFT) with 6-31G** and the results indicated their stability. Absorption spectra possess only one absorption peak(s) at ~ 260 nm attributed to π to π* transition in UV region for all molecules. However, the highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) in EPBZ and its derivative products occurs in one of benzene ring and the substituents, the reverse happen in the case of lowest-unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO). The antibonding π* in LUMO and its next orbital of HOMO-LUMO are usually confined in two benzene rings which prolongs over the entire molecule. In the case of derivatives, the HOMO–LUMO gap lies within 3.38 and 4.01 eV, which is comparatively lower than primary EPBZ. EPBZ and its derivatives possess higher βtot values compare to urea, though the largest value of βtot is noticed for EPBZ-NH2 derivative compared to all which is ~ 2060 times higher than that of urea. EPBZ-NH2 derivative βtot value is very high which suggest its use in nonlinear optical (NLO) applications.

DFT Studies on a Novel 1-Ethyl-4-phenyl-1,5-benzodiazepin-2-thione Molecule and Its Derivatives for Opto-nonlinear Applications