A Review on Processing Methods and Characterization Techniques of Green Composites

Nithesh Naik1

B. Shivamurthy1, Email

B.H.S.Thimmappa2

Aman Gupta1

John Zhanhu Guo3, Email

Ilwoo Seok4, Email

1Department of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal-576104, Karnataka, India

2Department of Chemistry, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal-576104, Karnataka, India

3Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN  37996, USA

4College of Engineering and Computer Science, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR 72401, USA

Abstract

In today's modern world, extensive research has been performed to apply new materials to various components. However, it is necessary to use those materials that have been tried and tested. With stiff competition in the market, industrialists are keen to use tailor-made materials to provide a cutting edge to their product. Out of all the materials available worldwide, composites can be tailor-made to satisfy one's needs. Therefore, compounds have played a pivotal part in the revolution of the material industry. Composites have high durability, power to mass ratio, increased efficiency. These things have made composites an integral part of the aerospace, automobile, and defense sectors. In bio-composites, carbon fiber composites and glass fiber composites have been used to reduce cost and energy consumption. Natural fibers traditionally used as fillers have now been extensively used as reinforcements in bio-composites. The adoption of green technology aids in overcoming environmental pollution challenges. It can achieve sustainable development by substituting petroleum-based composites with bio-based composites. This review discusses the various commonly used matrices and biopolymers in Green Composites. The article highlights characterization techniques and suitable processing techniques that are used to manufacture green composites.

A Review on Processing Methods and Characterization Techniques of Green Composites