Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials in Dentistry: Present and Future Perspectives in Clinical Applications

Diya Sen,1

Vathsala Patil,2,*Email

Komal Smriti,2,*Email

Pavithra Varchas,2

Rashmitha Ratnakar,3

Nithesh Naik1 

Swati Kumar4

Janhavi Saxena,5

Shresth Kapoor5 

 

1Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India

2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India

3Department of Prosthodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India

4Community Healthcare Center, Angara, Ranchi, Jharkhand 835103,  India

5Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal,  Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India

Abstract

Nanotechnology has established its presence in virtually all domains of science and technology. Its applications in healthcare widely range from advanced diagnostics to biosensors and targeted drug delivery. This is because nanomaterials have unique size-dependent properties that significantly improve human life and health when exploited. Dentistry has been no exception and thus seen profound developments, especially in the last decade, with the involvement of such nanomaterials and technology. The number of dental nanomaterials available has risen with time and a wide range of them have been researched for commercial and clinical usage. For example, antimicrobial nanoparticles are being utilized in restorative composite material for the prevention of dental caries. Incorporating nanomaterials into preexisting dental substances has enhanced their biocompatibility. It is predicted that in the future, nanotechnology will also allow the repair and rebuilding of dental hard tissues. This review aims to introduce the concept and development of nanoscience, its involvement in medicine, and summarize the recent research in Nanodentistry. The bibliographic study demonstrates the novelties and applications of nanotechnology in orthodontics prosthodontics, preventive dentistry, restorative dentistry, and periodontics. Subsequently, the future of nanomaterials in oral health and the direction in which research should be focused is also discussed. Thus, the review presents a detailed analysis and a comprehensive study to describe the achievements of nanotechnology in dentistry, the current obstacles, and future predictions. 

Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials in Dentistry: Present and Future Perspectives in Clinical Applications