Optimized Active Cooling and Refrigeration using Antidoted Graphene for Heat Management of Microelectronics

Shuang Tang,1,*Email

Andy Juan,1

David Drysdale,1

Joseph Duarte Menjivar1 

Jason Guzman1

1College of Engineering, State University of New York Polytechnic Institute, Albany, NY, 12203, USA

Abstract

With the technology of artificial defects creating, we can tune the band structure and transport properties of many two-dimensional (2D) layered materials. One prototype materials system is the antidoted graphene sheet, where periodical pores are made using focuses ion or electron beams in the nanoscale. We here study the electrical conductivity, thermopower, and active rates of cooling and refrigeration of antidoted graphene samples with different pore-radii and interporous distances. We use a calculation method that takes into consider the sensitivity of transport to charge carrier energy, which can be used to describe the elastic and inelastic scatterings in diffusive, ballistic and quantum hopping regimes. It is found that our results from the new calculational approach are more consistent with the experimental data, compared to some traditional methodologies. It is also interesting to see that the optimized active rates of cooling and refrigeration are very robust against the distribution variations of interporous distance and the pore-radius, which implies easy industrialization and inexpensive manufacturing. The same analysis and investigation can also be extended to many other layered materials, including the transitional metal dichalcogenides (TMD), blue phosphorene, and tellurium. 

Optimized Active Cooling and Refrigeration using Antidoted Graphene for Heat Management of Microelectronics