The Evolution of Tin-Based Perovskites Solar Cells

Chaohui Li,1,2 

Mingjie Feng,1 

Fei Guo,3 

Qinglong Jiang,4 

Ning Li,2

Zhanhu Guo5

Xianhu Liu1*Email

1National Engineering Research Center for Advanced Polymer Processing Technology, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450002, China.

2Institute of Materials for Electronics and Energy Technology (i-MEET), Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Martensstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen, Germany

3Institute of New Energy Technology, College of Information Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China

4Department of Chemistry and Physics, University of Arkansas, Pine Bluff, 71601, USA

5Integrated Composites Laboratory, Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA

*Correspondence: X. L. (email:


The development of efficient and stable lead-free perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is the key to solve the problem of environmental pollution caused by toxic element lead. In recent years, tin-based PSCs have become popular candidates for high-performance, environmentally friendly photovoltaic technology with certified power conversion efficiency (PCE) of over 14%, which shows the great potential application. Herein, we briefly summarize the efficiency progress of tinbased PSCs and analyze some methods for improving its performance. We expect that these views will help accelerate the development of tin PSCs.

The Evolution of Tin-Based Perovskites Solar Cells