Biodegradable Filament for 3D Printing Process: A Review


Aluri Manoj2 

Ramesh Chandra Panda3

1Center of Excellence in Cyber Security and Cryptology, Computer Science & Engineering, School of Engineering & Technology, Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh - 201306, India

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, RGUKT, Basar, Nirmal, Telangana - 504107, India.

3Synergy Institute of Engineering and Technology, Dhenkanal, Odisha – 759001, India


Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a transformative fabrication process that allows 3D objects to be formed by the layer deposition of the materials. At present, a fused deposition modeling 3D printer uses non-biodegradable materials to fabricate the filament for 3D printing. The innovative manufacturing strategies and possibilities accelerated the use of different kinds of biological materials in 3D printing or additive manufacturing. A lot of research has been taken place on the development of biofilaments to replace the modern/classic plastic filament to mitigate the issue of sustainability. Moreover, the use of biofilament will reduce the cost of the filament which limits the use of petroleum-based filament. This paper analyses the development of various 3D printing biofilaments and their fabrication process reported in the different literature.

Biodegradable Filament for 3D Printing Process: A Review