Assessing and Characterizing the Perception of Soundscape in the Urban Park: A Case Study of Zayed Park, Egypt

Miram Ali,1*Email

Hisham S. Gabr,2

Ayman Hassan Mahmoud3 

Dalia Aboubakr4

1Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, Onaizah Colleges, Al Qasim 2053, Saudi Arabia
1,3,4 Department of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, 12612, Egypt
2Department of Architectural Engineering, the German University in Cairo (GUC), New Cario city, 16482, Egypt

 

Abstract

With the growing populations and human activities in the cities and urban dwellings, the quality of soundscape of urban park environment needs to be emphasized. Additionally, with the increasing concurrence of city noises, such as traffic noise pollution. Consequently, this study aims to examine the significance of soundscape and investigate soundscape patterns in Zayed park in Egypt. This study has employed quantitative research method; about 37 visitors were conveniently selected to participate in the subjective assessment of soundscape in Zayed central park via questionnaire surveys. The assessment was conducted at four identified points based on the in-situ surveys (IS), recorded sound (RE), and the Audio-Video reality (VR). The results show an inverse relationship between traffic sound sources and the pleasantness of the participants towards sound. Conversely, there is a strong positive correlation between natural sound sources and participants’ pleasantness. Similar results were found when comparing outcomes from the questionnaire generated by the on-site soundwalk and the video reality (VR) laboratory test questionnaire. Thus, this study recommends audio-visual simulations for the urban park’s soundscape management and planning.

Assessing and Characterizing the Perception of Soundscape in the Urban Park: A Case Study of Zayed Park, Egypt