Organic phase change materials (OPCMs) are advanced energy storage materials with ability to storage and release thermal energy at constant temperature. Efficient energy storage systems using shape-stabilized PCMs (SSPCMs) are promising to adjust the gap between energy supply and demand. The performances of SSPCMs are influenced by multiple factors which are necessary to be considered in the fabrication process. In this regard, we summarized the desired properties for OPCMs and SSPCMs, then we systematically discussed the fabrication methods involving supporting materials, OPCMs and fillers. At last, we elaborated thermal storage applications of SSPCMs from three kinds of energy sources. This review intendsto provide in-depth and constructive insights into the fabrication and energy storage applications of SSPCMs, thereby contributing to development and application of high-performance SSPCMs.