A Comprehensive Roadmap for Transforming Healthcare from Hospital-Centric to Patient-Centric through Healthcare Internet of Things (IoT)

Rakesh Ranjan#, Email

Bikash Chandra Sahana#

 

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Patna 800005, Bihar, India.
#These authors contributed to this work equally.

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) has emerged as a game-changing technology across various industries, significantly impacting the healthcare sector. This study focuses on the profound effects of IoT in healthcare, particularly in real-time monitoring and data collection facilitated by IoT-enabled systems. The integration of sensors, wearables, and medical devices provides medical professionals with vital insights into patient conditions, enabling personalized treatment plans, remote monitoring, and the timely identification of health abnormalities. This research aims to present a comprehensive roadmap for transforming healthcare from a hospital-centric to a patient-centric model through IoT. The primary objectives are to understand how healthcare IoT (HIoT) can enhance operational efficiency, enable personalized care, and facilitate remote monitoring for improved patient outcomes. To achieve these objectives, a comprehensive study of healthcare IoT technologies, including wearables, smartwatches, mobile health (m-Health), and fitness trackers, has been conducted. The study highlights how interconnected devices and data analytics enhance operational efficiency, personalized patient care, and the optimization of medical procedures. Ultimately, the comprehensive roadmap outlined for smarter and safer healthcare amenities through IoT technologies points towards a future where customized care, remote monitoring, and expedited procedures become integral components of healthcare delivery. 

A Comprehensive Roadmap for Transforming Healthcare from Hospital-Centric to Patient-Centric through Healthcare Internet of Things (IoT)