Thermoelectric Modules: Applications and Opportunities in Building Environments for Sustainable Energy Generation: From Biomass, Municipal Waste, and Other Sources

Harold E. Rebellon1,#

Oscar F. Posada Henao1,#

Elkin I. Gutierrez-Velasquez2

Andrés A. Amell3

Henry A. Colorado1,Email 

1CCComposites Laboratory, Universidad De Antioquia, UdeA, Calle 70 No 52 21, Medellín, Colombia
2Faculty of Engineering and Basic Sciences, Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.
3Grupo de Ciencia y Tecnología del Gas y Uso Racional de la Energía, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Calle 70 N°. 52-21, Medellín, Colombia.
#These authors contributed to this work equally.

Abstract

In the constant search for alternative energy sources, thermoelectric modules have emerged as a crucial technology for power generation. This study provides a comprehensive review of their applications in building and solid waste areas, sectors that have become increasingly important. Despite their lower efficiency, thermoelectric modules are very useful for capturing and converting waste heat from waste gas decomposition into valuable energy sources. This study is structured into five categories: power generation, sustainable building practices, heating and cooling systems, software simulations, and hybrid systems. Ultimately, this research analyzes the opportunities and prospects for thermoelectric applications in buildings, offering valuable insights into energy recovery, especially in the context of biomass and municipal solid waste decomposition.

Thermoelectric Modules: Applications and Opportunities in Building Environments for Sustainable Energy Generation: From Biomass, Municipal Waste, and Other Sources