A Comprehensive Review on Enhancing Saline Soil Reclamation Efficiency through Bacterial Solubilization of Low-Rank Coal

Nazym Altynbay1

Kuanysh Tastambek1,2,3,Email

Nuraly Akimbekov1,2

Ilya Digel4

Kuttymurat Tagayev1

Bekzat Kamenov1

Xiangrong Liu5

1Sustainability of ecology and bioresources, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi 71, 050040, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
2Ecology Research Institute, Khoja Akhmet Yassawi International Kazakh-Turkish University, Turkistan, 161200, Kazakhstan.
3Department of Biotechnology, Auezov South Kazakhstan University, Shymkent, 160012, Kazakhstan.
4Institute for Bioengineering, Aachen University of Applied Sciences, Heinrich-Mussmann-24 Straße 1, 52428, Jülich, Germany.
5College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an University of Science and Technology, Xi'an, 710054, China.

Abstract

This comprehensive review thoroughly examines soil salinity as a significant agricultural challenge stemming from natural and human factors. It delves into a wide array of literature to elucidate the emergence of soil salinity as a prevalent issue, offering detailed insights into mitigation strategies and providing an overview of current soil salinity status and management techniques. The adverse effects of saline conditions on soil health, agricultural output, and ecosystem stability are clearly outlined. The manuscript particularly emphasizes the role of low-rank coal (LRC) and coal-solubilizing bacteria in holistic remediation strategies. Recent advancements in bacterial solubilization of LRC offer a sustainable solution for reclaiming saline soils, enhancing soil quality, and fostering microbial activity. Furthermore, the review aims to analyze recent studies on bacterial solubilization of LRC, highlighting its potential in bioremediation, resource recovery, and sustainable energy production across diverse sectors. Overall, this comprehensive review significantly contributes to existing knowledge by detailing recent advancements in low-rank coal solubilization by bacteria, demonstrating its potential for environmental restoration, soil revitalization, and sustainable agriculture, and emphasizing its broader applications across various industries, thus paving the way for eco-friendly solutions and sustainable growth.

A Comprehensive Review on Enhancing Saline Soil Reclamation Efficiency through Bacterial Solubilization of Low-Rank Coal