Biodiesel from Algal Biomass: Renewable, and Environment-friendly Solutions to Global Energy Needs and its Current Status 

Soumyadip Das1,2,#

Tapanjyoti Goswami1,2,#

Anjana Ghosh1,2

Mahesh Bhat3

Milan Hait4

Ramzi T. T. Jalgham5

Vidya L6

Radharani Das1,Email

Jyoti Goswami4

Gourisankar Roymahapatra3,Email

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Haldia Institute of Technology, Haldia 721657, West Bengal, India.
2Department of Applied Sciences, Haldia Institute of Technology, Haldia 721657, West Bengal, India.
3Department of Chemistry, Poornaprajna College, Udupi 576101, Karnataka, India.
4Department of Chemistry, Dr. C. V. Raman University, Bilaspur 495113, Chattisgarh, India.
5Department of Oil and Gas, Faculty of Engineering, Bani Waleed University (BWU), Bani Walid 39221, Libya.
6School of Pure and Applied Physics, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam 686580, Kerala, India.

#These authors contributed to this work equally.
 

Abstract

In this growing world with new developing technologies, the sector of science and analysis are accenting a lot for searching out an altered way which would be considered as environmentally compatible propellant over fossil fuels. With the growth of the human population, the need for sustainable resources of energy has increased a lot since large-scale utilization of fossil fuels would lead to the absence of viable energy resources for our future progeny so for that we need renewable and clean sources of energy which are called Green Energy Resources. Biodiesel is one such form of green energy. In recent decades production of biodiesel from algal biomass has been taken up over the petrochemical-based propellant. The requirement for cropland is also less in terms of Algal cultivation and neither it requires intricate operations for its cultivation. As the worldwide energy sector is still being so the formulation of propellant from bio-based sources might be a roseate in several energy divisions which sought huge people's interest in the development of algal biomass fuel of fourth generation and analyzing prospects of biofuels. On the other hand, it is imperatively obvious to curtail the expenditure for biodiesel formulation as biofuel may be considered as a novel material which shows us a road map towards sustainable development and waste management. In this study, we highlight the most prolific studies on biofuel production from algal biomass.

Biodiesel from Algal Biomass: Renewable, and Environment-friendly Solutions to Global Energy Needs and its Current Status