Exploring the Potential of Transforming Sustainable Waste Thermoplastics into Liquid Petrochemicals

Man Vir Singh1,Email

Muneesh Sethi2

Shashank Srivastav3

Khalid Stanikzai4

Avnish Chauhan5

Duo Pan6

Zhanhu Guo7,Email

Ilwoo Seok8

Aricson Pereira9

Sunita Tanwar10

1Department of Chemistry, School of Allied Science, Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248007, India
2Dean (Research & Development) COER University Roorkee Uttarakhand 247667, India
3School of Agriculture, Graphic Era Hill University Dehradun Uttarakhand, 248002, India
4Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Kabul University, 1006, Kabul Afghanistan 
5Department of Environment Science, Graphic Era Hill University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248002, India
6Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Mold (Zhengzhou University), Ministry of Education; National Engineering Research Center for Advanced Polymer Processing Technology, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450002, China
7Department of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
8Department of Mechanical Engineering, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR 72467
9Composites Laboratory, Engineering School, Universidad de Antioquia, Bloque 20, Calle 67 No. 53 - 108, Medellín, Colombia.
10Department of Management Studies, Central University of Haryana, 123031, India.

Abstract

Plastics are remarkable materials in the 21st century, owing to their exceptional properties. Waste materials like PP (Polypropylene), PS (Polystyrene), and polyethylene are precious due to their composition, comprising long chains of hydrocarbon materials. A pyrolysis study explores the promising prospects of converting waste thermoplastics into green liquid petrochemicals. It is offering a sustainable solution to address both plastic waste and the growing demand for petrochemical feedstocks. Remarkably, utilizing a CuCO3 catalyst resulted in the recovery of up to 94% of liquid green petrochemicals from polyethylene waste plastics, with a carbon range spanning C4 to C28. These petrochemicals have undergone thorough analysis, encompassing physicochemical assessments, NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), FT-IR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), GC-MS-MS (Gas Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry), and GC×GC/TOFMS (Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography and Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry) techniques, and their chemical composition was 7.63% paraffins, 53.67% branched/cyclic hydrocarbons, 14.09% aromatics, 0.33% phenanthrenes, and 24.30% remained unclassified.  Furthermore, the study explores the potential applications of these eco-friendly liquid petrochemicals across diverse industries, including fuels and chemicals, thereby exemplifying the transformative potential of this innovative approach in advancing towards a more sustainable and circular economy.

Exploring the Potential of Transforming Sustainable Waste Thermoplastics into Liquid Petrochemicals