Suitability Factors for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Using Analytic Hierarchy Process: A Case Study in Chonburi Thailand

Wachirathorn Janchomphu1

Nattadon Pannucharoenwong1,Email

Suwipong Hemathulin2,Email

Snunkheam Echaroj1

Pawinee Iamtrakul3

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat School of Engineering, Thammasat University, 12120, Thailand.

2Department of Mechanical and Industrial, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sakon Nakhon Rajabhat University, 47000, Thailand.

3Center of Excellence in Urban Mobility Research and Innovation, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University, Pathumthani 12121, Thailand.

Abstract

This investigation employs the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to assess suitable locations for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations (EVCS) deployment in Chonburi province. The study rigorously evaluates three core dimensions—Physical, Environmental, and Economic and Social aspects—introducing nine sub-criteria for evaluation. Methodologically, comprehensive data collection via surveys and interviews engages energy management experts and key stakeholders in Chonburi province's development. Results underscore the predominant importance of Economic and Social aspects, constituting 60.8% of weighted significance using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) methodologies. Subsequently, the Physical aspect (25.7%) and Environmental aspect (13.5%) follow in significance. Factors like proximity to tourist destinations and population density align with Chonburi's pivotal tourism role. The study emphasizes the impact of local and non-local populations in determining EVCS placement for urban expansion. It establishes a foundation for similar methodologies in Thai urban areas. Future research leveraging these findings will aid decision-making for potential investors amid the projected surge in EV adoption, aligning with national economic and social objectives. The study's outcomes can serve as a model for other major Thai provinces.

Suitability Factors for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Using Analytic Hierarchy Process: A Case Study in Chonburi Thailand