A Review on Modern Characterization Techniques for Analysis of Nanomaterials and Biomaterials

Rai Dhirendra Prasad1,Email

Rai Surendra Prasad2

Rai Bishvendra Prasad3

Saurabh R Prasad4

Shashi Bhushan Singha1

Anand Dev Singha1

Rai Jitendra Prasad1

Pramod Sinha5

Sanjay Saxena6

Anil Kumar Vaidya7

Shivanand. B Teli8

Umapati Rai Saxena9

Avinash Harale10

M B Deshmukh11

M.N. Padvi11

G. J. Navathe12

1Bihar Veterinary College, Samanpura, Khajpura, Patna, Bihar 800014, India.
2Banaras Hindu University, Varansi, Uttar Pradesh 221005, India.
3Birsa Munda University of Agriculture Sciences, Kanke Patratu Road, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834006, India.
4DKTE College of Engineering, Rajwada, Ichalkaranji, Maharashtra 416115, India.
5Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Bihar University,  Musahri, Muzaffarpur, Bihar 842001, India
6DAV College, Green Park, Civil Lines, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208001, India.
7Vaidya-Nandedkar Ayurvedic Clinic, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416001, India.
8Department of Industrial Chemistry, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416004, India.
9Kayatha Pathshala, Kamala Nehru Road, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 211001, India.

10SKN Singhgad College of Engineering Pandharpur  Maharashtra 413304, India.
11Department of Nanoscience and Technology, Shivaji University, Maharashtra 416004, India.
12Department of Physics, Swami Vivekanand College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416003, India.

Abstract

This review is providing a comprehensive overview of essential genuine characterization techniques for nanomaterial and biomaterials exist in various forms.  Nanoscience and nanotechnology is one of the Trans scientific frontier, multidisciplinary and environmentally sustainable research field. Today nanomaterials are widely employing in almost every branches of science and technology. As nanomaterials are invisible and unknown in size, shape, so it is enormously needy the advanced characterizations tools to visualize and analyze the materials at nanoscale. The characterization techniques are of paramount importance in the field of nanoscience and technology. This review is to summarize the present knowledge on the use, advances, advantages and weaknesses of a large number of experimental techniques that are available for the characterization of nanoparticles. Different characterization techniques are classified according to the concept/group of the technique used, the information they can provide, or the materials that they are destined for. Many times the beginner researcher in the domain is not aware with the advanced characterization techniques and its purposes for data interpretation. 

A Review on Modern Characterization Techniques for Analysis of Nanomaterials and Biomaterials