A Critical Review on Uses of Gases in Veterinary Medicine and Gas Sensing Materials

Rai Dhirendra Prasad1

Rai Surendra Prasad2

Y. I. Shaikh3,Email

S.R. Prasad4

M. N. Padvi4

P. D. Sarvalkar5

Sanjay Saxena6

Viquar S. Shaikh3

G M Nazeruddin3

Sameer Shaikh7

A B Kanwade8

Naresh Charmode9

Anil Kumar Vaidya10

Om Prakash Shrivastav11

C B Desai12

P D Patil5

1Bihar Veterinary College, Samanpura, Khajpura, Patna, Bihar 800014, India.

2Banaras Hindu University, Varansi, Uttar Pradesh 221005, India.

3Abeda Inamdar College, Katad Khana, Pune, Maharashtra 411001, India.

4DKTE College of Engineering, Rajwada, Ichalkaranji, Maharashtra 416115, India.

5Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416004, India.

6DAV College, Green Park, Civil Lines, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208001, India.

7Granthmati Mandals Arts, Commerce and Science College, Narayangaon, Tal. Junnar, Pune, Maharashtra 410504, India.

8Hutatma Rajguru Mahavidyalay, Talkhed, Rajgurunagar, Maharashtra 410505, India.

9Nagpur Veterinary College, Seminary Hills, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440006, India.

10Vaidya-Nandedkar Ayurvedic Clinic, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416001, India.

11IARI, Mohmadpur Deopar, Bihar 848125, India.

12Traditional Ayurveda Practitioner, Yadgud, Karnataka 591309, India.

Abstract

In modern therapeutics various gases are used as the driving source of ventilators and nebulizers The medical gases are used in veterinary medicine and biological sciences. for various purposes which includes treating respiratory issues, managing strokes, and preserving biological samples, anesthesia, cryopreservation of organs for forensic examination fr driving medical devices and tools. Bull sperm are frequently cryopreserved using liquid Nitrogen in veterinary biotechnology. Here, we have attempted to give a broad overview of the significance of several gases utilized in biological and veterinary sciences. In the another next part of the paper, we focus on the significance of gas sensors, their types, and their functions. The detection of a particular gas and its concentration becomes important to monitor the environment, ensure public safety, address health concerns, control chemical processing, and use gas molecules in agriculture and medicine. There is chronical development in the materials used for gas sensing. With the advancement in nanoscience and technology, researchers effectively worked to develop some transition metal oxides which can be used as the gas sensing material. Herein we have discussed various materials used as gas sensors. The recent developments in the gas sensing materials are discussed in the last.

A Critical Review on Uses of Gases in Veterinary Medicine and Gas Sensing Materials