Thermographic Evaluation of Dental Implants Insertion with Different Diameters and Bone Quality on the Primary Stability: A 3D Finite Element Study

Sandipan Mukherjee1

Vathsala Patil2,Email

Antony V Samrot3

Komal Smriti2,Email

Shobha J Rodrigues1

Swagat Sarkar4

Harsh Joshi4

Srikanth Gadicherla5

Krishna Kumar P4

Nithesh Naik4

1Department of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Udupi, Karnataka, 576104, India.
2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Udupi, Karnataka, 576104, India. 
3School of Bioscience, Faculty of Medicine, Bioscience and Nursing, MAHSA University, Jalan SP2, Bandar Saujana Putra, Jenjarom 42610, Selangor, Malaysia
4Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal 576104, Karnataka, India.
5Department of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Udupi, Karnataka, 576104, India.

Abstract

Caries and periodontal disease are the primary causes of tooth loss and extraction. Inadequate oral hygiene continues to pose a major obstacle to oral health, impeding individuals' ability to consume a balanced diet and maintain proper nutritional levels, ultimately affecting their overall well-being. Tooth loss leads to resorption of the alveolar ridge, which can complicate the placement of dental implants. Hybrid prostheses are emerging as effective treatment options for individuals with complete tooth loss, offering a means to restore proper chewing function. Implant dentistry has improved edentulous patients' recovery, with a 10-year success rate of more than 97%. However, the insertion torque, the surface properties of the implants, and the heat created during implant site preparation may all play a role in early implant failure. As a result, monitoring the temperature during the insertion might be critical in predicting the prosthesis success rate. Although various research studies have investigated the thermal consequences of drilling and fixture placement, a comparative analysis of the thermal result of implant insertion of different diameters and bone quality on the primary stability is lacking. The main aim of the research was to assess the heat variations caused by the insertion of a narrow implant using a three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis. Both narrow and standard implants caused a rise in bone temperature. Furthermore, the narrow had a greater thermal effect than standard implants, although it was always lower than the temperature limits of bone necrosis. The findings demonstrated that narrow implants are both thermally and clinically safe.

Thermographic Evaluation of Dental Implants Insertion with Different Diameters and Bone Quality on the Primary Stability: A 3D Finite Element Study